Pushing the boundaries of design innovation
Arup moves from 2D to 3D with 12d Model
Arup, founded in 1946, is an independent firm of designers, engineers,
architects, planners, consultants and technical specialists working across every
aspect of built environments. The company employers over 14,000 specialists
working across 90+ disciplines in 34 countries.
Arup won the contract for Parramatta Light Rail, a major road and rail
project in western Sydney. This involved re-routing traffic onto different
streets to allow for the construction of the light rail. The project covered
many different areas, which required multiple solutions and different
disciplines. The client was also keen for the design to be delivered in a
digital space rather than just on paper, and deadlines were very tight.
Traditionally, Arup had designed roads in one package and structural designs
in another package. But constantly switching back and forth between CAD and 12d
Model, from paper to digital and back, took up a lot of time. Instead, Arup
decided to use a BIM approach and find a more efficient and collaborate way to
design, making it a truly "digital engineering" project.
12d Model was chosen as the software solution because it enabled everything
to be done digitally, in 3D. To start with, Arup invested time in setting up and
customising the project. This effort quickly paid off as things progressed,
because it saved a lot of time and rework down the track.
By using 12d Model as the single source, Arup was able to have all the
different disciplines in one place, working collaboratively.
"We could design out any issues that we saw right at the start, rather than
leaving it to the end of the project and then picking up errors and having to go
back and do rework," explains Jarrod Dixon, Senior Designer, Arup.
improvement was being able to do all the design verification checks within 12d
Model. Previously these had been done outside of 12d Model in 2D, but now all
the turning paths, sight line checks and so on could be done in a 3D 12d Model,
enabling designers to review as they worked.
The client could visually see the benefits of the system and was "on board
the whole way through the design phase".
"Usually, you'd have a roll plot on the table, and when they asked for it a
couple of times during meetings, we said, well hang on a second, have you got a
HDMI cord? And we just plugged in the model and after doing that once or twice,
they were on board," says Danny Wilcox, Designer, Arup.
CAD plans, when required, could be generated straight from the 3D models.
This meant very little drafting - with only one drafter being employed on the
One section of road works had a complex structure for a widening. Arup
created a model showing the 4D changes in time of how the structure would be
built and how the road would stay live at the same time, and then how the rail
could be added to that at the end. "It was quite interesting to see, and the
people's faces in the room when they saw it all come together. It was pretty
cool," Danny says.
By doing this, they were also able to give the construction team a better
idea of the different phases and staging of the project. This gave them a better
idea of how much the project would cost, and where they could improve
construction methods to deliver the project more efficiently - a method referred
to as "5D BIM".
The team also used lots of snippets and macros. Smart snippets were used to
automate and streamline the design process, allowing users to have different
inputs into the snippet. This changed the code in the background to enforce the
way that they modelled and keep everything consistent, producing consistent
outputs and saving time.
Macros also helped save a lot of time. One macro was created to dynamically
carry out aquaplaning checks, so designers could move around and pick the worst
areas easily. Vehicle paths were also an area that the team invested time in,
because they were usually done in CAD, which was very iterative, hard and
time-consuming work. Now these are all computed within 12d Model, they move with
the design as the design changes and can then be exported straight to PDF or
straight to a 3D model.
"The way 12d is set up to allow you to customise inbuilt panels with macros
is pretty cool. So, anytime you hit a bit of a stumbling block where you want to
do something completely different, you can dive into a macro and really nut it
out and get something cool," Danny says.
Another macro was created to automatically recalculate and output lines of
sight. The client wanted to get as many trees into the precinct as possible,
which meant Arup needed to check sight lines at every single driveway and
intersection, to ensure that trees weren’t obstructing the view. In a 2D plan
this would have been largely guesswork, but the 3D model allowed them to see
exact views. This included being able to see the true scale of signage, such as
speed signs versus four pole directional signage.
"The Parramatta Light Rail project has set the standard and set the bar for
how we're going to work in the future. We’ve done a scope with surveyors and got
them on board in terms of giving us improved information. We’ve worked with
Transport NSW to standardise the schema of the attributes that we want applied
to the data so that we can manipulate it in different ways within 12d Model. And
there's a bit of a push to get that outside of Arup as well and make that a real
standard and bring everyone's level up," Jarrod says.
Using a BIM approach with
12d Model offered unprecedented coordination. Different teams and disciplines
were all able to collaborate on the design.
By customising and
standardising the project at the outset, and using 12d Smart Snippets and
Macros, hundreds of hours of work and rework were saved.
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By moving from 2D to 3D,
designers were able to clearly see exact lines of sight from any angle. Taking
this to 4D, with the time stages of the project added, helped the construction
team find cost efficiencies.